Indoor air pollution: Defination, causes, effects, and control

In today’s environment,  people spend most of the time inside the house. That’s why the air inside the house affects us more than the outside air.

Indoor air pollution can be a silent killer for you. So, Let’s talk about indoor pollution in detail.

What is indoor air pollution?

Air inside a building can be polluted as a result of high energy efficiency building, lowered ventilation standard, and human activities inside a building. Most of today’s buildings have reduced  outside air exchange, It shows significant effects on human health.

Indoor air pollution is also known as tight building syndrome.there are many sources that lead to indoor air pollution. Let’s know the sources of indoor air pollution.

Causes of indoor air pollution

Biological pollutants:  this category biogenic pollutants include bacteria, mildew, viruses, animal dander and cat saliva, mites, cockroaches, and pollen.

Building materials,carpeting, paint, and varnish contain many pollutants such as Formaldehyde, asbestos, vinyl chloride, and fumes.

Pollutants like Carbon monoxide, heater fumes, natural gas, and cooking odors have an adverse effect on health. They usually come from cooking, appliances, and heating.

Carbon monoxide: automobile exhaust, smoking, kerosene and gas heaters, leaking chimneys

and furnaces are the major sources that drive pollution in a building.

Some latex paint has mercury that may damage your kidney and brain.

Formaldehyde: fiberboard, tobacco smoke, plywood, textile, and glue contains formaldehyde. It causes irritation in eyes and nose, cough, and may cause cancer.

Furniture polish contains the chemicals netrovengene, which is soluble in air and is easily absorbed by our skin. If you come in contact with it for a long period, it increases the risk of getting lung or skin cancer.

Radon: radon is a gas that emits due to decay of uranium. It usually comes from groundwater and rock under the buildings.

Lead: lead is an element which is mostly used as components of paint, solder, gasoline, and water pipes. It may damage your nervous system and brain.

Effects of indoor air pollution on health

Causing allergy: Most of the allergen causes nose and throat irritation, cold, and sneezing. This allergy can be caused by dust, pollen, wood smoke.

causing Infection: Biogenic pollutants such as bacteria, viruses, fungi causes nose and throat infections, pneumonia, sinusitis, respiratory tract infections.

Chemical gases and compounds such as formaldehyde, carbon monoxide, lead, pesticides, toluene, radon, and benzene cause headache, depression, poor memory, and untimely death.

Control indoor air pollution

Such fuel should be used for cooking which is completely combusted.

Use Indoor plants at home as they maintain air quality by absorbing pollutants. For example- bambupam, spider plant, chrysanthemum, and viennese evergreen. These plants remove the many air pollutants.

Smoking should be discouraged as it contains the cancerogenic substances.

build the house in which air exchange rate is good enough.

control the pollution emitting sources.

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