Deserts are defined by aridity. Desert is the region that receives very little rain, average annual precipitation is less than 250 mm. Desert is an arid area where vegetation does not grow due to a lack of moisture. Although small grasses and small shrubs can be found in the desert.

1. Antarctic Desert 

Location: Entire Antarctica

Area: around 14 million square kilometers

Types: polar deserts

The Antarctic Desert is the world’s largest desert. The Antarctic desert is considered a desert because it receives 51 mm or less rainfall per year.  The Antarctic desert spread over the entire Antarctica continent. The Antarctic desert is a polar type of desert which is the coldest and windiest region.

2. Arctic Desert

Location: Around the north pole that includes some parts of Canada, USA, Greenland, Norway, Iceland, Finland, Sweden, and Russia.

Area: 13,985,000 square kilometers

Types: Polar desert


The Arctic Desert is the second largest desert in the world. It covers an area of about 14 million square kilometers. The Arctic desert extends across the parts of Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Norway, Sweden, Iceland, Finland, and Russia. The Arctic desert is a cold and polar type of desert.

3. Sahara desert

Location: North Africa that includes Algeria, Eritrea, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia, Western Sahara, and Djibouti.

Area: 9,200,000 square kilometers

Types: Subtropical, hot and dry desert

 The Sahara Desert is the world’s third-largest desert that spread over an area of 9,200,000 square kilometers. This area is almost equal to the area of the United States.  At the northern boundary of the Sahara, The Mediterranean Sea is located. The Sahara is an area of high temperature, extreme aridity, low humidity, and strong winds. The winds in this desert carry vast amounts of dust and sandstorms with them, occasionally it reaches as far as the United Kingdom and Germany.

4. Arabian Desert

Location: Almost the entire Arabian Peninsula

Area: 2.33 million

Types: Subtropical, hot, and dry

The Arabian desert covers almost the entire Arabian Peninsula. Countries located in the Arabian Peninsula are Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Iraq, and Yemen. The Arabian desert is a vast source of natural gas and oil reserves.

 5. Gobi Desert

Location: southern Mongolia and northern China.

Area: 1,300,000 square kilometer

Types: cold winter

The Gobi desert roughly extends across central and eastern Asia, covering portions of Mongolia and China. The large part of the Gobi is made up of bare rock and its southwest part contains sand dunes. The parts of the Gobi are actually barren and harsh and have very little rain, bitter winters, and long hot summers.

6. Kalahari Desert

Location: Namibia, South Africa, and Botswana

Area: 930,000 square kilometers

Types: Subtropical, dry, and hot

Kalahari comprises eastern Namibia, part of the Cape Province of South Africa and nearly the whole of Botswana. The name of Kalahari derives from the Tswana word Kgalagadi, meaning “the great thirst”. There is an extreme change in temperature in Kalahari. During summer, temperatures can reach up to 46 ° C. while in winter, temperatures often fall below freezing.

7. Patagonian Desert

Location: Argentina and Chile( South America)

Area: 673,000 square kilometers

Types: Cold Winter

The Patagonian desert occupies most of southern Argentina between the Colorado and Coig rivers. The Patagonian is a cold winter desert. Patagonian wildlife includes pumas, maras, armadillos, skunks, and rare herds of guanacos and rheas and the sparse vegetation consists mainly of low shrubs and grasses.

8. Syrian Desert

Location: Syria, Jordan, and Iraq

Area: 500,000 square kilometers

Types: Subtropical, dry, and hot

The Syrian Desert is located in the northern Arabian Peninsula. it extends into southern Syria, western Iraq, and northeastern Jordan. This region mainly made up of rock- and gravel-strewn plateau and lacks high mountains.

9. Great Basin         

Location: United States

Area: 490,000 square kilometers

Types: Cold Winter

The Great Basin desert is the largest desert in the United States. It covers most of Nevada. It is bound by the Sierra Nevada mountains in the west and the Wasatch Range in the east. The Great Basin is a cold winter type of desert. The gray shrub is the most dominant plant in the arid valleys of the Great Basin.

10. Great victoria desert

Location: Australia

Area: 418,750 square kilometers

Types: Subtropical, hot, and dry

Australia’s largest desert Great Victoria covers an area of 418,750 square kilometers. The Great Victoria is located in the western half of South Australia. The climate of the Great Victoria Desert is arid with variable and unpredictable rainfall. It is a subtropical desert with dry and hot climate.

11. Chihuahuan Desert

Location: the United States and Mexico

Area: 362,600 square kilometers

Types: Subtropical

The Chihuahuan Desert includes northern Mexico, western Texas, and southern New Mexico. It receives an average of 235 mm of rain per year. Dunes of the Chihuahuan Desert includes gypsum.